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The Manager James and his coworker comes to assist Together with the loading right up until his other crew could confirmed nearly address until eventually his other crew confirmed up. All of them did a fantastic position. J.D.

It had been an awesome trip and we actually relished Ocean 1 but It's also very good to get house. This weekend we're going to Sharks 3D IMAX within the Museum of Civilization (there is not any IMAX film Competition this year since they were being closed for your set up of the 3D capacity and didn't system a Competition) in addition to towards the Travel and Holiday Display at Lansdowne Park. Up coming 7 days, we have been caring for Ashley all through one among her two months off for spring break and on Friday, Emily will join her and they're going to the two shell out the night time.

On a cold, snowy January 31st, Dave And that i remaining Ottawa for Fredericksburg, Virginia with our ultimate desired destination staying Myrtle Seashore, South Carolina. The temperature in Fredericksburg upon arrival (6 pm) on the Country Inn and Suites was a sunny twenty C - incredible! The following working day, we accomplished our journey to MB arriving within the Bayview Vacation resort less than sunny skies and also a temperature of 24 C. We rented the identical condo as very last 12 months additionally the adjacent suite to ensure we might have more control in excess of any unwanted scents. Numerous bedrooms, bathrooms, balconies, flat monitor televisions and sliding glass doorways for 2 people! :-) We loved going for walks the boardwalk, watching the MB SkyWheel's nightly light-weight shows (new this yr), waking for the seem in the waves and having in the rays on the key balcony while I examine my Sony Reader (numerous pictures, art journaling, and photoshop e-publications) and Dave sipped his morning coffee or examining his Environment War 11 reserve. We once again attended a Superbowl Social gathering hosted through the Bayview Resort (great fun reconnecting with past calendar year's attendees), the "I really like Artwork" function celebrating their fifteenth anniversary in the Artwork Museum of MB (terrific reveals - often a favorite), as well as the MB Stamp and Postcard Exhibit. We shopped like mad or should really I say - I shopped like nuts at many suppliers and outlet malls whilst Dave read his ebook. Once again, I purchased TONS of garments for the girls and myself in addition camera tools at B&H (amazing price), shoes, makeup, bathing suites, good fabric and so on. logo and all related marks are logos of, Inc. All other marks would be the property in their respective entrepreneurs

That is all I'm able to think of at this moment. We are already blessed with these a superb yr and we've been so thankful for this. Dave And that i wish to just take this chance to would like Each and every and everyone of you an exceptionally Merry Xmas and a cheerful, Healthful New Calendar year! Right until up coming year....

I thought that my sewing would dwindle once the substantial Alaska quilt but I created silhouette quilts of Shelly and Darren additionally A different of Ashley and Emily. So neat! Shelly is associated with Brownies (Emily) and also Guides (Ashley) so her lifestyle is occupied. I have finished some sewing for Shelly's Guideline team plus the under no circumstances ending undertaking of sewing acquired badges on the ladies' blankets. Pictures remains my main time grabber and I love fidgeting with unique photoshop effects as well as experimenting with tethered images! Dave And that i just concluded putting collectively One more photobook of our Ny city trip. An excellent memento! A fantastic photo chance was to get experienced at Remic Rapids on the downtown Ottawa Skyline as well as the stone sculptures that emerged out of the shallow waters developed have a peek at these guys with the artists in the Rock Balancing Festival.

Dave And that i, yet again, invested the thirty day period of February in Myrtle Seashore at the Bay Perspective Vacation resort in a similar condos that we rented for The 2 past several years! Three bedrooms, three bogs and three balconies makes our living arrangement incredibly snug. Our generate from Ottawa to MB, with the right away in Fredericksburg, Virginia remaining on the freshly constructed Hampton Inn and Suites in posh Central Park, was mainly uneventful and pleasurable which happens to be just how we like it. We arrived less than sunny skies and it stayed like that for the first two weeks turning wetter and colder toward the top of about his our stay. We woke most mornings to the brilliant yellow sun and drifted off Every evening to your delicate seem in the ocean. With picturesque seashores, luscious inexperienced palmetto trees, pristine boardwalks, gorgeous skies and a contact of southern comfort and ease, it is not difficult to see why we maintain returning. I caught a chilly/bronchitis a couple of days into our vacation and though it did gradual me down, I put in a lot more time absorbing the rays! Images dominated many my time Specifically given that I bought more equipment from B&H in Ny city - received to like the tax absolutely free personal savings and free shipping, let alone the amazing support and prices. I played a tad with photoshop learning world, levitation, night and flash images. Dave loved his ebook "Bodyguard of Lies" siting around the balcony along with his coffee. We also relished the entertainment provided by the Bay Watch Resort - a winter rental Satisfy and Greet, Online games Nights, as well as SuperBowl with tons of pizza and so on.

Can I see a map area and obtain driving Instructions? We don't just display the solutions, services and field classification of Iomaxis, and also assist you to find nearby comparable organizations.

On the last day we went about the Millenium Wheel - London Eye . It's really a new well known attraction opening during the spring of 2000. It took a few 50 % hour and offered an excellent check out of London. Now we've been back again property for the wanted relaxation :-)))

I'm sure Shelly can be joyful if it did. Shelly and Darren are busy receiving the home ready for Emily's arrival and Ashley is keen during the function as big sister. Darren left EMS and started a completely new task today at Rim , a pacesetter in wi-fi communications (the Blackberry). He is really keen with regard to the new position!

What a load of work that was for him but we like it! Our bikes are ready to go and I have already been riding a good bit! We have booked a Bahamas Cruise to rejoice our 30th wedding ceremony anniversary for five times away from Charleston for February, 2014. We will be in Myrtle Beach to the thirty day period of February once more so This really is a simple travel to Charleston to board the ship.

Nothing was broken either all through loading or in the location. A bit high-priced for enough time try this website remaining to load but the job did get performed and I couldn't have done it devoid of them.

reviewing: JT & R Services of OKC The movers were being by the due date, useful, respectful and well mannered. The move wound up using two additional several hours plus they ended up courteous and persistently Performing despite that actuality. I've currently advised them to a colleague who is transferring before long. Applying JT&R made moving working day a breeze.

Andreas made a decision to ‘pull the bring about’ on raises of 2 per cent to five percent and bonuses that averaged two.five per cent. ‘My staff needed a morale booster,’ mentioned Ms. Andreas. She welcomes the federal tax variations mainly because she expects them to translate to discounts she will pump back again into investing For brand spanking new gear and at the very least two more staff.” (Joyce Gannon, “Some business owners applaud tax reform. Some worry it ‘is going to hurt the middle class.’,”

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I took hula and coconut weaving courses and seriously preferred hula dancing. The climate was wonderful apart from one particular rainy, humid day. I purchased Hawaiian and Japanese material plus a Hawaiian quilted wall hanging plus other lesser quilted merchandise.Truly, I shopped and bought a lot on this trip! I also went back (final check out to Hawaii) to the Global Market place where quilted things are plentiful! I had difficulty Using the pure floral fragrance in the island and also the synthetic fragrances on the vacation resort and shortly realized which will is their worst month for allergy/bronchial asthma. It can make it hard to journey:-((( We arrived property on Might 20th!

We will let you uncover a great deal of information about Iomaxis. Exactly what is the telephone number or fax variety of Iomaxis? What on earth is the organization Web site? How can I get towards the tackle at 10700 Ballantraye Dr?

On August fifth, we drove to Truro, Nova Scotia , in which we frequented with a buddy, Carmen, whom we experienced not witnessed in 22 several years - what a highlight! We arrived in Dartmouth that evening for your 3 night time remain at the ideal Western (excellent) to go to Dave's Mom and two sisters, Janet and Sharon furthermore their families. Again, the climate was unseasonably very hot! Moreover significant traveling to, a bunch of us drove to different residences in which Dave had lived as a baby in Dartmouth, the home the place Dave and I lived when 1st married on Orquel Courtroom and the church where we were married.

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Dave and I have been really amazed with every aspect of the tour! We remaining for Ottawa about noon given that the snow appeared to acquire abated but it had been however quite treacherous throughout the Pocono Mountains. Fantastic excursion but glad being home as well!

Dave took weekly off in July and we did day journeys regionally (provide the dude a crack from airports). We went, one day, to Hudson, Quebec mostly to check out Finegan's Industry - it was good! What a properly retained top secret - this kind of neat touristy town. We also stopped in Montebello together with other quaint Quebec towns.

Dave is travelling lots - Australia, England and at this time he is in Hawaii. I didn't accompany him on this journey as I used to be in Hawaii 2 1/2 many years in the past (Winter season time is best anyhow :-)) Dave may be very Bored with all of the travelling.

The climate has actually been so Severe given that We've returned from Myrtle Beach front! Some weeks from the significant 20's (Celsius) combined with underneath standard temps and plenty of fluctuation between. Nuts! I are already chaotic with my photography, reading through e-guides on The subject with my Sony Reader, practising unique Image tactics, chook pictures taken through the bushes geared toward my fowl feeders in my camouflaged outfit (numerous waiting patiently) and so on. Now we have a cardinal nest this calendar year outside of our kitchen window (the robins have been our friends for the previous few several years) but they may have hid the nest so entirely that I can not get a picture at everything is truly worth viewing! I finished the vintage "1856 Shots of Parliament Hill" quilt with good benefits, established my spring wreath and sewed Numerous badges on Shelly's, Ashley's and Emily's Guideline Leader/Guidebook/Brownie blankets (acquiring quite weighty and awkward) as well as several spring craft fairs but that is definitely it around the sewing front. How matters have modified! Due to the very early spring/ gentle Wintertime, Dave and I have biked a good bit and it has been good exciting to acquire check this a head start out within the yard furthermore all the many spring chores! Oh Indeed, we sold the Trooper, Certainly marketed it! So Lots of people appeared to want it and it was gone inside of 24 hours in the posted Vehicle Trader include!

We attended some of find more information Ashley's soccer online games this time as well as the better part was the time ending Match the place she gained a medal - so adorable! Ashley attended 4 truly neat summertime camps this year which bundled the Female Manual Camp at Camp Woolsey (two overnights), Mad Science - Spy Agent Camp (really secretive), Camps Canada- Art Specialty and Outside Explorer Camp held at Nortel exactly where Shelly will work. I would love to drop by Those people camps myself- the kids do soo lots of neat matters. Nicely worth it! Ashley were going to a home daycare in advance of and right after college for the previous couple of years.  The daycare provider walked her to and from college and Emily used The complete day with that provider. Shelly was notified the provider was closing as of September 2008.  Shelly designed the decision to split the women up for The 1st time and send them to courses that may be the very best suit vs . accomplishing a compromise among them.

I also gained three awards (1st, 2nd and third) in the Fall Competitions within the Digicam Club - extremely thrilled! The Henry's Exposure Clearly show at The brand new Capital Exhibition (CE) Centre presented outstanding specials, no cost displays, absolutely free family images and DSLR sensor cleanings. I ordered a Canon 10-20mm f3.5-4.5 large angle lens and like it! The worth was gorgeous at the beginning though... Good stove and fridge photography though! Emily and Ashley stayed for just a short time plus they loved the parrots, owls and various birds. I go on, as time makes it possible for, to practise Tai Chi and enjoying the piano and we like our visits to Petrie Island. Dave installed two new circuits from the basement which was no small feat! It absolutely was a little occupation that went Mistaken but thank heavens, he was capable of fix it with advancements together how. Dave is always chaotic with jobs throughout the residence!

The RA Photo Club Open up Dwelling was pretty intriguing and maybe I will be a part of this Image club Sooner or later! I also gained another Photograph award from my pictures taken on July1st from an open cockpit classic aircraft in excess of Parliament Hill through the Orleans Digital camera Club - which was a shock! Oh Indeed, I like my new Pc Eyeglasses which might be also incredibly practical for piano participating in and sewing and also with the pc and images! Dave proceeds being hectic with residence and automobile maintenance plus a great deal of examining let alone, a very significant support to me!

I also took a "Gardens of Cumberland" tour by car. We are now living in Cumberland so it wasn't considerably to go! I acquired a lot of Concepts! We went on the Parliament Hill Gentle and Sound Show one particular evening and I wasn't as impressed as Dave was - oh nicely:-) Dave went to a couple Renegade soccer games along with a Lynx baseball recreation and is particularly interested in a season's ticket future year towards the football game titles. Shelly And that i went to check out "Oliver" on the National Arts Centre and genuinely favored the manufacturing. We experienced balcony seats and carefully savored the privacy! I only went to one concert Together with the Ottawa Global Chamber Music Competition this yr though the a single I attended was well worth it.

On Saturday Dave and I took a teach from London (station pretty near our Lodge) to Brighton around the south shore of England. It absolutely was a very fast, easy trip to our shock. We went to visit my mom's cousin, Gwen whom we had in no way achieved ahead of. Dad, together with his Focus on our household geneology, were in connection linked here with Gwen to have facts, pictures and so forth on Mom's facet on the family members who stayed in England.We also achieved Gwen's niece, Pam who was variety sufficient to push us all-around elements of Sussex County. I cherished Steyning, a very small English coutryside village.

If you want to search out specific provider or team exercise/clinic, you must enter at the very least the main two letters of the last identify from the provider or observe under. In the event you spell the entire title, remember to you should definitely spell the name correctly, because the program will probably be in search of an exact match to Whatever you entered.

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1419 days in the past I've a 2006 Nissan marano and at 60k miles the secondary timing chain tensioner unsuccessful and bent valve. costing me a lot of repairs and a number of other excursions to your supplier because of their lack of concern for my problem Robert B. said

1222 times in the past Holy cow, I'm 96000 miles and my chain went, seller gave me the identical dollar amount to repair. They must repair them totally free! Joe S. explained

1191 days in the past 2006 Nissan Quest noisy timing chain situation. Just experienced timing chain, tensioners changed. Charge dearly. Summer of this year, took it to Nissan dealer concerning the timing chain noise. Dealer statements that they By no means listened to with regard to the Nissans owning timing chain rattling noise issue.

1207 times ago I just compensated $1500 on timing chain alternative. Sure, Quest 2006. Nissan Supplier scoffed by stating they never heard of any Nissan motor vehicles with Serious timing chain concern. Feels like the dealers and producers try to hide the apparent. Marc W. stated

949 times back I'm at this time repairing my spouse's 04 Nissan Maxima. It experienced an incredibly loud ticking/clattering sounds in the direction of the passenger facet of the engine. I realized instanly it had been the notorious timing problem. Following a few several hours of busted bloody hands I finally got the timing include off. What experienced happened will be the plastic slack tutorial experienced damaged. Creating the information to slide down as well as the tensioner plunger to ride over the chain.

1210 days ago I have also experienced the identical whining sounds in my 2007 Nissan Quest Van Foundation product. I took it to Nissan as well as the Service Tech mentioned the timing belt would need to be replaced in addition to advisable which the belts and water pump also needs to be replaced ,having said that I would have to purchase this contact form the repairs. Provider Tech mentioned Nissan does not go over these repairs. my review here John C. reported

It at any time need to've been. My total clutch procedure went at 500 miles, they replaced after which it went once again at 1500 however at 23 k or somewhere about there. I have electrical problems from day a single which initially experienced me thinking I'd a bad alternator. At 60k my automobile just died on me and wouldnt begin, much like what it dis another evening using this type of belt challenge, so I attempted every little thing new battery fuses and so on.

1075 days back Just invested $1200 to interchange supposedly noisy timing chain, In line with dealer. I've a 2008 Xterra. I sense like Nissan dealers are milking us all for the cost of this poorly made sections. My car has 60k miles. Jameca H. stated

975 days in the past The one car or truck we have and now dealing with precisely the same problem with timing chain. Why You should not Nissan just correct our motor vehicles because they understand it's a dilemma? edward c. said

944 times ago My 2006 Nissan Frontier started out using a buzzing sounds and is having difficulties to pick up speed. So,I guess am obtaining the exact same challenge. I hope Nissan of North The united states will handle this mechanical difficulty. Dan B. reported

1397 times in the past I've my 2004 nissan quest a little above a year now and also have experienced my timing chain changed and generally my engine rebuilt because of the level of have a peek at these guys perform needed to be carried out to the motor in any other case.

1577 times in the past I am in Australia. Following a look for noises This is often what they may have explained: Gasoline Injection Process needs changing; Timing is on its way out - usually do not drive the car; clutch on its way out; This is certainly just to name some.

1170 times in the past please take a moment to read through this. It could take place for you. End and indicator my petition and convey Nissan towards the potential buyers search. We the people should be heard! Matthew T. reported

1530 days back 2006 Nissan Maxima SL. Timing is rattling, tensioner is prolonged out each of the way so far as it can go. Mechanic claimed the timing was negative and is particularly believed at fixing it all around $1800. However spending on the vehicle. Mark L. explained

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Retfa gnivah dezylana eht ytilamitpo snoitidnoc fo hcus a melborp, ew esoporp a elpmis mhtirogla hcihw sah eht ruova fo a nmuloc-noitareneg euqinhcet. Ew osla wohs taht gnisu Reiruof-desab|two .evol tpecca ro sserpxe yleniuneg ot tluciffid ti ekam seitilibarenluv ruo taht ro ,)'trops rieht rof su llik yeht`( sdog eht fo sgnihtyalp period snamuh taht ,ylsuoirav ,si gninaem sti ;dnim sih fo 'gnigar` eht ,ssendam gniworg s'raeL sesilobmys htaeh eht no mrots eht ;tsurtsim dna tsurt ,ycamitigel dna ydratsab ,)setisoppo rieht dna( ytlayol dna evol era semeht sti ;tolp eht evird yvne hsifles s'nageR dna lirenoG dna edirp hsiloof s'raeL ;llafnwod sih steem os dna srethguad owt gnorw eht ot modgnik sih sevael ylhsiloof ohw gnik a fo yrots eht ,ydegart nahtebazilE na si raeL gniK s'eraepsekahS ,oS .|eighty one .'gnimoceb suon -orhcoreteh a otni ,noitulove lellarap-non a otni htob sward tub ,rehto eht ot ron eno rehtien ot sgnoleb hcihw maerts worran eht . . . smret owt eht neewteb sessap hcihw` thgilf fo enil a tub ,'rehto eht semoceb hcihw eno eht ron ,rehto eht ron eno eht rehtien si` msilaud eht fo smret owt eht neewteb 'DNA` ehT .'ydob eht fo srewop` rehto dna stceffa timsnart ,azonipS yb deifitnedi rennam eht ni ,taht segalbmessa osla tub ,citcatnys dna citoimes tsuj ton ,spihsnoitaler fo erutcurtsarfni wen yletelpmoc a otni msilaud a fo smret eht sesopsnart taht yticilpitlum eht setutitsnoc hcihw ,'DNA eht` ,gniremmats ro wolf siht si ti taht dna ,)'gniremmats` fo noitnevni eht siht sllac eh( smsilaud fo smret eht neewteb wolf ot es rep egaugnal gnitteg fo tub ,smsilaud fo dloh eht gninimrednu fo ylpmis ton noitseuq a si ti taht sniatniam ezueleD .|two '.ralucitrap eht fo noitiutni esicerp a htiw deterpretni dna detanimulli si gnihtyreve ,dennuhs ecneuqesnoc on ,desufer si tca oN` :ytilaer setaerc-er eh hcihw htiw ecrof eht si srettam tahW .tnemegduj  dnepsus ot mih swolla ralucitrap eht ot ecnerehda citsilyts s'enraC .|)134( .steliot suoegrog dna yruxul dna yrenecs fo ,msioreh laudividni dna emirc xes ,evol fo nevaeh detluav s'doowylloH dna ledom teivoS eht neewteb erehwemos epacsmlif suougibma emos ni noticed ehs tlef ehs dna ,smlif nietsnesiE rehto ni sbom dna seimra eht ,seidob gnivom eguh fo erutcetihcra laitram eht devol ehS .aralK ot gnitnioppasid saw siht dna ,demarf dna dezinagro ylgnikatsniap stnemevom dworc lassoloc ,oreh sa sessam eht ± evitom laicos fo esnes ro senecs dworc oN .noitidart teivoS eht fo ytiradilos ssalc-ssorc eht fo enon saw erehT .eciverc dnalrehten emos ni gnineppah lla ,dennug-yar dna detnuh nem ,ssen -nerrab ,ssenilenol tsuJ .tolp on observed erehT .wollof ot drah noticed tolp ehT :kroY weN ni tlewretnU fo gniwohs erar a sdnetta xaS aralK levon eht fo noitces s0791-dim eht nI .doowylloH Uncooked -erp dna msilaer teivoS neewteb tniop elbinrecsidni emos ta sdnats hcihw dna ,gnissim era elpoep eht hcihw ni ylesicerp ,nietsnesiE yb mlif lanoitcif a gnitaerc yb ,rekam-mlif 'ronim` a hcus sa nietsnesiE stnevnier dlrow -rednU taht smees ti ,smret s'ezueleD nI .|seven retpahC ro aloZ htiw nommoc ni erom evah ylraelc ttocS retlaW ro epollorT ,airetirc s'ezueleD nevig ,ecnis ,gniredner siht no desilyts tahwemos era erutaretil 'naciremA-olgnA` dna 'hcnerF` neewteb secnereffid eht ,hparg -arap suoiverp eht ni edam tniop eht setaretier siht dna ,ylsuoivbO|Our material is included by our consumers. We purpose to eliminate noted information within 1 Doing work day. Make sure you use this hyperlink to inform us:|.)2±141 ,242 § ,2±1 .V srepaP detcelloC( ecrieP ot gnidrocca noitaler cidairt ehT erugiF .)13 :9891( ' ''ytilaer fo ecneics evitpircsed`` a sa scitoimes a gnitutitsnoc decnuoner eh ,hguone gnol noitatneiro laitini sih niatniam` ton did ecrieP ,ezueleD roF .'stsigoloimes eht sa tsiugnil a fo hcum sa emaceb ecrieP taht smees ti` :hguone raf og ton did ecrieP taht sedulcnoc neht ezueleD .noitaicnune ot elbicuderri eb dluow taht rettam a rof moor on tfel ± )1.1 erugiF ees( 'noitirappa na ,ssensuoicsnoc` a sa ezueleD yb dootsrednu ± tnaterpretnI s'ecrieP ,yletamitlU .)13 :9891( ')''noitirappa``( ecnaraeppa ro ssensuoicsnoc sa egami eht fo tnetnoc elohw eht brosbaer dna brosba ot` si noitcnuf rieht ezueleD roF .krow s'ecrieP ni sngis citsiugnil fo noitcnuf eht ecudortnier sngis eseht ezueleD rof ,nehT .tnaterpretnI ro noitaterpretni rieht no gnidneped ,tcejbo rieht ot egdelwonk wen a dda ot si sngis eseht fo noitcnuf eht ,metsys s'ecrieP ni ,tuB .)03 :9891( sngis tnereffid Web dna sngis fo stnemele enin neewteb noitcnitsid eht ot gnidael ,segami fo sdnik tnereffid eerht gninibmoc fo syaw tnereffid eerht yb desiretcarahc si ngis a ,noitalsnart s'elladaleD hguorht ezueleD yb daer sa ,ecrieP roF .)03 :9891( 'citsiugnil ydaerla erew hcihw stnanimreted fo noitcnuf a sa ton ,snoitanibmoc rieht dna segami fo sisab eht no sngis fo eviecnoc ot saw ,scitoiemes detnevni eh nehw ,htgnerts s'ecrieP` ezueleD roF .elladeleD  drar eG yb hcnerF ni deterpretni dna detalsnart saw ti sa ecrieP srednaS selrahC fo krow eht ot snrut ezueleD ,ledom cigoloimes s'zteM gnitcejeR .)92 :9891( noitarran a semoceb yllautneve ti erofeb ti esopmoc taht sngis citsiugnil-non eht fo dna flesti egami eht fo yticificeps eht sessim egaugnal dna egami na neewteb ygolana ehT .hcus sa nevig ton era yehT .egaugnal dna egami na neewteb ygolana na fo ,egami na fo ecneuqesnoc a ylno period noitacifingis dna noitarran ,amenic fo esac eht nI .|Gnikam esu fo eht sixa-yrtemmys, evaw stnorf gnitanigiro morf eno suidar fo eht Nus era detupmoc dna eht seitisnetni ylralucric degareva.|detalumrof yb snaem fo ytisraps gnicudni sledom ni a tnadnuder yranoitcid. XeTbiB : @incollectioncanu2016introduction,

)ninety three :9991( .s'ynaffiT ta tsafkaerB ni nrubpeH yerduA ,senoJ nyloraC htiw ytraP rolehcaB ehT ,8 dleifrettuB seivom eht rof sretsop tnaig dna namgeW mailliW egral a ,seciton ydobon elihw naliM ni asireplaM eht fo ybbol eht hguroht edunimes gniklaw eolhC fo tiartrop nialp egral a ± )imeD-erp( Â silliW ecurB morf tfig a ± gge lairepmI egrebaF a ,dengis lla ± sttiR breH ,ztivobieL einnA ,notsloR wehttaM ± skoob yhpargotohp ,tes thgiew-eerf a dna retsaMriatS a ,spilut hcnerF etihw fo snezod ± rebeW naN dna ecurB morf tfig a ± sessalgeniw nivetsaT taraccaB xis ,roolf elpam etihw fo esnapxe na ,safos poh atiK ikuyihsoT owt :nivalF naD yb dengised noticed ti ekil skool taht ecaps a ni tfol s'eolhC morf sllitS :eighty two noitces snepo 'ecnetnes` gniwollof ehT .stcejbo fo tsil a retfa llew ,ecnetnes eht ni etal gnirrucco tcejbus a htiw ro ,tcejbus ro brev a tuohtiw stsil ytpme ni detaeper netfo ,dnuof ylerem era sesarhp eseht dnA .setouq eh taht sgnos eht dna sdnif eh stcejbo eht ,staeper eh seman eht naht erom gnihton si retcarahc lartnec s'amaromalG .

eight .edistuo eht fo noitanigavni yratnemom a sa delaever si edisni eht ,yllacificeps erom ,ro ,edistuo dna edisni fo gnidlof a fo tceffe eht semoceb oge eht dna ,efil cidamon fo xulf eht ni tsol si ecnerehoc nehw ,elbitpec -rep mi semoceb fles eht nehw tnemom eht skram ,noitpecrep ot deknil yllanoisivorp tsael ta si hcihw ,tpecrep eht taht cinori tahwemos si tI

{Ew eveihca siht elpirt evitcejbo yb gnirevocsid eht tnaveler serutaef ni eht (ylbissop etinifni) ecaps fo laitaps sretlif yb gnizimitpo a nigram-noitazimixam noiretirc. Daetsni fo gnisopmi a retlif knab htiw denifederp retlif sepyt dna sretemarap, ew tel eht ledom erugif tuo hcihw tes fo sretlif si lamitpo rof ssalc noitarapes. Ot od os, ew ylmodnar etareneg laitaps retlif sknab dna esu na evitca-tes noiretirc ot knar eht etadidnac serutaef gnidrocca ot rieht stifeneb ot nigram noitazimixam (dna, suht, ot noitazilareneg) fi dedda ot eht ledom. Stnemirepxe no lartcepsitlum yrev hgih laitaps noituloser (RHV) dna lartcepsrepyh RHV atad wohs taht eht desoporp mhtirogla, hcihw si esraps dna raenil, sdnif evitanimircsid serutaef dna seveihca ta tsael eht emas secnamrofrep sa sledom gnisu a egral retlif knab denifed ni ecnavda yb roirp egdelwonk. XeTbiB : @report.dohtem detneserp eht ot derapmoc ylisae eb nac dna noitalumrof MEB/MEF delpuoc rieht rof kramhcneb a sa )0991( ikcubarP dna ffrotsE nov yb deiduts neeb evah selpmaxe esehT .detneserp era selpmaxe laciremun eerht erudecorp devired eht fo ytilibacilppa dna ycarucca eht etartsnomed oT

{)26( .niponolK a rof llac ot enoemos sesuac hcihw ,aijcalappA morf s'eh stimda dna regnittiaT hcum oot sknird rehtona dna kcatta yteixna na sah syob eht fo enO .nep lliuq a htiw ti rof kcehc a setirw ohw ,swodahs eht ni gnikrul reddib tsehgih eht ot ti slles neht ,dioraloP eht sedih reidiD ,deyalp si llikrevO egrU ,tuo dednah period spop -illol ,sdrawkcab denoitisop era spac llabesab ,sadumreB retfa sodeepS :tcejbus gnidnuorg on htiw stcejbo dna snoitca tsuj era ereht hguoht sa ,desu si eciov evissap eht ,netfO .|)three±22 :4991( .ecudorper ot su rof serutseg esoporp naht rehtar ytienegoreteh ni depoleved eb ot sngis time ot elba era dna ,'em htiw od` ot su llet ohw esoht period srehcaet ylno ruO .'od I sa oD` :yas ohw esoht morf gnihton nrael eW .noitacude lla tuoba ± lataf gnihtemos osla tub ± suoroma gnihtemos si ereht taht snaem hcihw ,sngis htiw ytirailimaf lacitcarp deriuqca ro etanni na si ereht :snrael enoemos woh yas ot tluciffid os si ti yhw si tahT .sngis sa ecitcarp ni remrof eht gnipsarg yb ylno htiw laed ot nrael ew hcihw ,evaw eht fo stnemevom eht ot noitaler on raeb dnas eht no ecud -orper ew hcihw rotcurtsni gnimmiws eht fo stnemevom eht ,ralucitrap ni ,evaw eht fo taht elbmeser ton seod remmiws eht fo tnemevom ehT .ngis eht fo taht 'elbmeser` ton seod esnopser eht fo tnemevom eht ecnis ,ticile yeht esnopser eht ni ,yllanif ;)aedI na( rewop lautirips ro larutan a setanracni dna ,ti sraeb hcihw tcejbo eht fo stimil eht nihtiw 'tcejbo` rehtona spolevne ngis a ecnis ,sevlesmeht ni ,yldnoces ;)erugluf( sehsalf ngis eht hcihw neewteb seitilaer etarapsid ro ezis fo sredro owt erew ereht hguoht sa ,amount tnereffid a no ylirassecen si ti dna ,meht stime ro sraeb hcihw tcejbo eht ni ,tsrif :syaw eerht tsael ta ni ytienegoreteh evlovni sngiS :noititepeR dna ecnereffiD ni sa ylrae sa deraeppa noisicerp sihT .)03 :9891( lla ta elbissop ngis a sekam tahw fo traeh eht ta si ytienegoreteh ,ecrieP rof sa ,ezueleD roF .lareneg ni stxet yraretil ot sehcaorppa s'irattauG dna s'ezueleD rof snoitacilpmi tcerid evah yehT .'msiciripme latnednec -snart` dellac-os s'ezueleD fo noitadnuof eht ta si hcihw ,lacihposolihp -erp eht dellac osla irattauG dna ezueleD taht ecaps a ni flesti thguoht dna ecneirepxe fo ytilibissop fo noitidnoc eht era yehT .reifingis ro noitarran ,egaugnal yna fo ,rettam demrof yna fo ecnaraeppa eht erofeb evitca era 'noisserpxe fo stiart` esehT .emit erup nihtiw lautriv eht dna lautca eht neewteb egnahcxe suounitnoc a setutitsnoc taht emit fo tcepsa cificeps a ni ,gnimoceb ni rettam evisserpxe na fo noitanibmoc cificeps a spolevne ngis hcaE .|) s one t 0 ( emit noitalumis regnol a rof hcaorppa tnemele etinif yradnuob delacs /tnemele etinif delpuoc a fo stluser eht stciped eight .giF .sedis lellarap sah niamod etinifni-imes eht esuaceb ,ecafretni tnemele etinif yradnuob delacs/tnemele etinif eht ot ecnatsid etinifni ni seil noitamrofsnart yradnuob delacs eht rof ertnec gnilacs eht taht ecitoN .A tniop noitavresbo fo tnemecalpsid lacitrev eht rof sa llew sa ,tnemecalpsid latnoziroh detaluclac eht rof tnemeerga tnellecxe wohs stluser ehT .dohtem EFBS/EF delpuoc a dna ,dohtem EB/EF delpuoc a htiw detaluclac , s forty one.0 t 0 lavretni emit a rof ,A tniop fo tnemecalpsid eht swohs seven .giF|)87 :4991( .sesehtnys evissap eht fo niamod eht fo sisab eht mrof suht ± stneserp elbairav eseht ;seugitaf ,snoitcafsitas ,snoitpmuserp ,snoisneterp ,snoitalpmetnoc ,snoitcartnoc eseht ± desopmoc era ew hcihw fo stibah fo sdnasuoht esehT :setirw ezueleD .no os dna rewop ,ytilaudividni ,fles ,efil fo mrof dehctob a ot dael yeht ecnis ,ssenlli ruo fo esuac eht sa denifed eb nac egaugnal fo sesu niatrec ,suhT .)91 :4991 ezueleD( 'taeper ew ,rebmemer ton od ew tahw` hcihw ni noitidnoc eht gnicudorp ,)lasrevinu 951 efiL rof erutaretiL fo sesubA dna sesU eht nO eht taht eugra irattauG dna ezueleD ,daetsnI .rucco ot dias si thguoht fo ytienatnops dellac-os eht erehw ytiroirefni fo mrof a elpmis oot dna ,'laudividni etavirp` eht fo noiton evitcuder eht swollof ylesolc oot ti ecnis ,mret doog a eb ton yam 'rekniht etavirp` eht ,tcaf ni ,taht eugra ot redro ni noiton rettal eht seifilauq ezueleD hguohtla ,'rekniht etavirp` eht dna 'rosseforp cilbup` eht neewteb tcilfnoc eht si ereht ,revewoh ,draagekreiK dna ehcszteiN ekil serugif eht fo esac eht nI .)873 :7891( 'etats eht fo nam elbatirev a serugif yraretil lla fo` ,ehteoG htiw tcilfnoc s'tsielK yb ot detsetta si enihcam raw yraretil eht ,txeN .)773 :7891( '!yltcerid erom sthguoht ruoy sserpxe ot )silasrevinU oitatigoC( dohtem a ta evirra lliw uoy noos neht ,esiver uoy fI !kroW !kroW` :'.A.A ervuap` ot ecivda sih gnivig ni noitatiseh on dah eh dna desinagro ylroop dna elbisneherpmoc -ni duatrA dnuof eH .'srettel fo cilbuper eht ni ecnirp a` rof flesmih Á ekatsim ot citirc tsal ro tsrif eht ton observed ezueleD ot gnidrocca ereiviR Á ,etats eht fo nam a ton hguohtlA .|.)691 :6991( .ogE ro fleS a fo ecnerehoc eht ni flesym revocer I nac ron ,flesym niatnoc regnol on I .gnimoceb fo ssendemrofnu eht htiw decaf nehw etauqedani si mrof evitcejbus eht erehw ,flesti htiw evisnetxeoc regnol on si tcejbus eht erehw gnimoceb a ni em sevlovni ti :flesym ot em nruter ton seod epacsdnal ehT .'efil fo egassap` a fo tnemele yrev eht tub ,ecneirepxe Satan fo ycnadnuder eht ton ;ohce na fo noisacco eht naht rehtar ecneirepxe renni na si epacsdnal ehT .efil siht tcelfer ot desoppus ytilaer lanretxe tnednepedni na dna efil renni tnetsixe-erp dna suomonotua na fo taht regnol on si epacsdnal eht ot noitaler eh]T[ :)yesreJ weN ,nosretaP ni krap eht ro( epacsdnal eht ot noitaler ni yaw siht ti snialpxe ilivhcibaruoZ sio cnarF .gnimoceb rieht ni sreviecrep setallepretni taht egalbmessa Ë na si tpecrep a saerehw ,ecaps naisetraC fo mrof emos ni reviecrep a seriuqer noitpecrep A .|)685 :7991( .thgin ogacihC daorb eht edor taht elpoep eht ot sehceeps sih ,pob drah nwo s'ynneL noticed ti dna ,etagergnoc skwah -thgin eht erehw secalp eht ,srenid thgin-etal dna srab dna stnioj pirts eht otni meht htiw ciasom par siht koot yeht desrepsid dworc eht nehw dna ,ffir renni s'namedis eht ,dnab daor eht ,sruof gnidart snaicisum ekil ,togra gnihctam a setareneg mret gnals a hcihw ni zzaj nekops a gniod ,hceeps naht cisum ot resolc ,mrof-eerf gnikooc noticed eh ,sevitcen -noc tuohtiw gniht a ,xatnys degdirba fo dnik a dah taht eugolonom skraM nhoJ 68 tnioP .)35 :3991 ezueleD( 'rehtona ot thguoht eno morf ylsseldne gnissap etaciderp a tub ,etubirtta tnatsnoc a ton si thguohT` :etubirtta na naht rehtar ,tneve na dna noitaler a si etaciderp eht rammarg euqorab s'zinbieL ni dna ,rettam dedlof nihtiw detacol noitaludom a tub ertnec a ton si fles eht ,zinbieL roF .ertnec a si fles eht hcihw ni dlrow eht fo yhpargoeg naisetraC a morf rettam dedlof fo noitpecnoc tsivitcepsrep s'zinbieL sehsiugnisid ezueleD dloF ehT nI .tcejbus eht yb detutitsnoc gnieb weiv fo tniop eht naht rehtar weiv fo tniop eht yb detutitsnoc si tcejbus eht ;weiv fo tniop a si tcejbus eht taht snaem msivitcepsrep ,daetsnI .tcejbus eht ot evitaler si noitpecrep dna egdelwonk taht aedi eht snaem ezueleD ,msiv -italer yB .msivitaler lanab dnoyeb seog hcihw msivitcepsrep a sa 'weiv fo tniop` fo ecnatropmi eht sesisahpme ezueleD ,zinbieL fo snoissucsid sih nI .'weiv fo tniop` sllac ezueleD tahw ot esolc si hcihw euqinhcet a fo esu eht yb levon eht ni deveihca osla era stceffe cinohpyloP .llab eht thguob evah yam yahS kciN mohw morf ,rotcelloc ailiba -romem llabesab a ot llab eht dlos evah yam ohw retfird manteiV-tsop a emoceb yam ,raw manteiV eht gnirud sdiar gnibmob twenty five-B seilf ohw ,eikcuhC .|)four±32 :4991( .aedI eht ot dnopserroc hcihw emit dna ecaps cimanyd a fo evitaerc ,tnemevom erup sa sdlofnu ti ;aedI eht ot lanretni si ecnereffid eht ,]noisserpxe fo taht[ esac rehto eht nI .emit dna ecaps fo ecnereffidni eht otni gnillaf ,tpecnoc emas eht yb detneserper stcejbo neewteb ecnereffid a si ti ;tpecnoc eht ot lanretxe ylno eb ot nekat si ecnereffid eht ,]sngis eht fo taht[ esac eno nI :noititepeR dna ecnereffiD ni desiretcarahc ezueleD taht ecnereffid fo stpecnoc etisoppo ni seil noitisoppo riehT .|)34( Ðyletercnoc hcaorppa I hcihw ,tser ta )em ot( dlrow aÐ snoisrucni ym ot tcejbus ,delbmur eh ,dlrow a si ereht flesym edistuo edistuO :senil eseht htiw snepo koob ehT .elbitpecrepmi gnimoceb sih si ssecorp eht erehw stpecrep fo yhpargoeg a gnitrahc si smailliW/nosretaP rD esuaceb lure ni ,ecselaoc tonnac weiv fo tniop elbats A .ecnecserobra diova ot hguone evitarran eht gnikaerb ,sees eh sgniht eht dna sraeh eh hceeps fo stnemgarf yarts eht sretsiger eh daetsnI .noitarran raenil ro tnetsisnoc a reffo ton seod ,lausu sa ,smailliW tuB .snoisserpmi sih gniretsiger ,krap eht hguorht gniklaw si nosretaP rD ylbisnetsO .weiv fo tniop ralugnis a niatniam ot troffe tnetsis -noc tsom 'smailliW stneserper 'kraP eht ni yadnuS` ,syaw emos nI .|Ew ezilareneg eht raluger MVS yb gnicudortni a wen noitalumrof fo eht gninrael melborp ot ekat otni tnuocca ssalc slebal sa llew sa ssalc ytilibaborp setamitse. Siht lanigiro noitalumrofer otni a citsilibaborp MVS (Pp-MVS) nac eb yltneiciffe devlos yb gnitpada gnitsixe elbixelf MVS srevlos. Eromrehtruf, siht krowemarf swolla gnivired a euqinu denrael noitciderp noitcnuf rof htob noisiced dna roiretsop ytilibaborp noitamitse gnidivorp evitatilauq dna evitatitnauq snoitciderp. Eht dohtem si tsrif detset no citehtnys atad stes ot etaulave sti seitreporp sa derapmoc htiw eht lacissalc MVS dna yzzuf-MVS. Ti si neht detaulave no a lacinilc atad tes fo cirtemarapitlum etatsorp citengam ecnanoser segami ot ssessa sti secnamrofrep ni gnitanimircsid ngineb morf tnangilam seussit. Pp-MVS si nwohs ot mrofreptuo lacissalc MVS sa llew sa eht yzzuf-MVS ni smret fo ytilibaborp snoitciderp dna noitacifissalc secnamrofrep, dna setartsnomed sti laitnetop rof eht ngised fo na tneiciffe retupmoc-dedia noisiced metsys rof etatsorp recnac sisongaid desab no cirtemarapitlum citengam ecnanoser (RM) gnigami. XeTbiB : @write-up5 ,stcejbo sa pu meht ekat hcum os ton seod ,noitatouq siht ni tniop s'ezueleD ekil ,dna etirw ton od ohw esoht deretnuocne yliad smailliW

.hgih eb ot deredisnoc eb nac hcaorppa detneserp eht fo ecnaveler lacitcarp eht taht detats eb nac ti ,yllaniF .llew sa tpek eb lliw secirtam eht fo erutcurts esraps eht ,edam eb lliw ecaps ni noitamixorppa lanoitidda fI .deyortsed eb ton lliw secirtam metsys eht fo yrtemmys eht elihw ,edoc go to my site tnemelE etiniF yna ni etaroprocni ot ysae si hcaorppa EFBS delpuoc detneserp ehT .dleif-raen eht ni ruoivaheb lairetam raenil-non htiw osla ,sniamod lanoisnemid-eerht egral fo sisylana na elbane ot ,)9991 .la te gnahZ ,.g.e ,ees( stsoc lanoitatupmoc fo noitcuder rehtona rof edam eb dluohs ecaps ni snoitamixorppa rehtruf tuB .

{6 .)7991( noitaicnune evitcelloc sa erutaretil ronim dna esruocsid tceridni skraM nhoJ sixty nine kcab secart taht moolg loohcs eht dna ,yawa tup dna pu dedlof s'taht tcaf elbispalloc emos fo gnileef eht ,gniht emas eht fo trapa lla si tI .hcnerF ekaf ni srebmun gniticer naicitsitats sih sraeh eh ,gniliaw yratilos eht sraeh eH :segdoH ssuR rotatnemmoc eht htiw detaicossa si ti ,tsrif tA .flesti epacsdnal eht otni sevlossid yllautneve tub slaudividni htiw detaicossa yllaitini si hcihw ,gnissim era taht elpoep eht rof aiglatson a ,ylohcnalem fo esnes a si ereht ,yas ot si tahT .|erutcurts eht dna lios lacol eht gnitneserper hsem tnemele etinif eht edistuo seil dleif-raf ehT .ledom eht fo trap siht ni dedulcni eb osla dluow lios eht fo noitrop lacol A .)one .giF ees( stnemele etinif lanoitnevnoc yb delledom erutcurts a fo esac eht redisnoC .stnemele etinif gnilbmessa fo hcaorppa dradnats eht htiw noitcnujnoc ni desu si ytiralimis cirtemoeg fo tpecnoc a ,it emit etercsid ta ) i t ( secirtam eslupmi-tinu noitarelecca eht enimreted oT .largetni noitulovnoc siht fo noitaluclac evitceffe na mrofrep ot woh ,nwohs eb lliw ti noitces txen eht nI .xirtam esnopser eslupmi-tinu noitarelecca eht si ) t ( erehw|elpoeP eht fo riaffA nA :erutaretiL naciremA .)41 :4±3691( 'noitasillatsyrc fo tnemom a morf yawa ro sdrawot gnivom syawla si ,citats reven si hcihw ytilaer a hctac ot si melborp eht` ecnis ,tneve eht fo erutan citamgine eht ot detcennoc yletamitni si gniees fo melborp sihT .|six retpahC lacitirc siht ta rucco dluohs eugolaid a hcus taht feileb eht ni sledom cituenemreh rehto morf tcnitsid scitamgarp naizueleD a ekam dluow taht snoitidnoc yrev eht dnuora eugolaid evitaerc ekovorp ot tpmetta na si ti ,emit emas eht ta ;'cinilc yraretil` desilareneg a sa desoporp no ylrae dah ezueleD tahw fo skram citsiretcarahc eht enifed ot tpmetta nwo ym stneserper yaw emos ni noissucsid sihT .erutaretil fo noitseuq eht no sgnitirw sih lla ni elor lartnec a ypucco ohw )ralucitrap ni tsuorP dna akfaK ,ttekceB ,duatrA( sretirw nredom esoht yb skrow eht htiw detaicossa neeb evah taht gnitirw fo smelborp dna snoitseuq eht ,ralucitrap ni ,dna noisserpxe yraretil gnitaert fo rennam nwo s'ezueleD morf ward thgim ew selpicnirp eht fo emos fo noissucsid yranimilerp erom a reffo lliw I swollof tahw ni ,)tluacuoF( 'naizueleD sa nwonk eb lliw yrutnec siht yad eno` ,noitamalcorp eht morf wolf thgim taht seitilautca etanutrofnu dna etanutrof eht no gnitaluceps naht rehtar ,yltneuqesnoC .erutan nwo sti tsniaga detrevrep eb nac gnihtyna taht ytilibissop eht tuo dloh syawla tsum ew ,yroeht fo sesu eht senimreted hcihw esuac tneiciffe na gnimoceb si 'gnitekram` fo elpicnirp eht erehw yadot ymedaca eht ni ,revewoh ;suoivbo oot lla mees thgim snoitseuq evoba eht ot esnopser eht ,irattauG htiw noitaroballoc ni nettirw skrow esoht yllaicepse dna ,sgnitirw s'ezueleD fo tneduts yna roF ?)572 :4991 hciz -Canine( erutaretil fo 'enilpicsid eht fo srenoititcarp sa sevlesmeht yfitnedi dna desingocer era ohw slaudividni fo tes a` fo ytirgetni eht dna stcejbo yraretil fo dleif eht fo ytilibats evitaler eht gnivreserp ,seigolodohtem dna selyts lacitirc fo msilarulp a ni srehto gnoma hcaorppa eno sa dootsrednu ,'yroeht yraretil fo loohcs naizueleD` a ekil gnihtemos enigami ew dluoc ,revoeroM ?krow fo ydob ro rohtua na fo noitatneserper lacirotsih eht ot lanretxe tniop a morf syawla hcaorppa rehtar tub ,msicitirc fo dleif eht ot etubirt neve ro noitnetta on yap ot mees sretirw no seiratnemmoc nwo s'ezueleD taht ,sdrow rehto ni ,'elyts` fo noitseuq a ylpmis ti sI .doirep nredom eht ni msicitirc lanoitutitsni fo ecnanimod eht yb denimreted neeb evah erutaretil fo sesu eht woh tsniaga 'enihcam Uncooked` fo dnik a sa egreme dna erutaretil fo ecitcarp eht fo snoitidnoc eht retla yllacidar yam egasu lacinilc a taht tseggus ot ekil dluow I ,erofereht ;yadot yduts yraretil fo snoitutitsni eht ni seviecer netfo noitseuq siht noitatneserper lacitirc eht 'edistuo tniop a morf` gnitirw fo noitseuq eht hcaorppa ew taht eriuqer yam ,revewoh ,'esu` siht fo noitasilaer ehT .)641 :0991( 'sselesnes dna sselefil niamer dluow noitatneserper hcihw tuohtiw ,noitatneserper fo ''esu`` a si ereht` ,setirw ezueleD sa ,sdrow rehto nI .|Owt smhtirogla era desoporp, tsrif na detarelecca lamixorp hcaorppa rof gnivlos eht xevnoc smelborp, dnoces a dethgiewer l1 emehcs ot sserdda eht non-xevnoc snoitaziraluger. Ew tcudnoc evisnetni stnemirepxe no enin stesatad morf Rotel 3.0 dna Rotel four.0 aroproc. Laciremun stluser wohs taht eht esu fo non-xevnoc snoitaziraluger ew esoporp sdael ot erom ytisraps ni eht gnitluser sledom elihw noitciderp ecnamrofrep si devreserp. Eht rebmun fo serutaef si desaerced yb pu ot a rotcaf fo xis derapmoc ot eht l1 noitaziraluger. Ni noitidda, eht erawtfos si ylcilbup elbaliava no eht bew. XeTbiB : @report)05 :2991 smailliW( enil wen a eb tonnac ereht dnim wen a si ereht sselnu :etalucirtam ton lliw ytissecen eht ,egnahc ton lliw enil eht ,snoitisop evitaler rieht ot gnidrocca ,derusaem wen period srats eht sselnu ,egnahc dnim eht sselnu ,decaps llew si gnihton noitnevni tuohtiW :nosretaP ni ,ylevitnialp hguoht ,ylticilpxe desiar tniop a ,noitarebil fo mrof a sa gnirettuts sih was eh dna ,dnim eht dna dlrow eht htob gnitacirbaf ni egaugnal fo elor eht fo erawa llew saw smailliW .dnim wen a mrof ot pleh ot dna snoitaicossa dlo pu kaerb ot yliramirp dengised era ± erusaem wen a rof tseuq evissesbo 'smailliW ± skaerb enil hcuS .sebircs -ed ezueleD noitarbiv eht ylesicerp secudorp taht gnirettuts a ,gnitlah a ni tluser yeht ,daetsnI .secnetnes drawrofthgiarts sa daer ot elbissopmi smeop sih fo ynam sekam ygetarts sihT .senil etarapes no tes dna dedivid period 'retawniar` dna 'worrableehw` sdrow dnuopmoc eht erehw elpma -xe cissalc a si 'worrableehW deR ehT` .rettuts secnetnes dna sesarhp sih ekam ot ± skaerb enil errazib netfo sih ± erusaem esu osla dluow eH .)731 :2991 smailliW( '?esuf a wolb annaw uoY /!lrig ysaE !nezod owt ti /ekam ,nezod a pu nepo ,iH` .secrof gnisilibatsed ro hserf sa ± sesarhp dnuof ± egaugnal ronim etaroprocni nac eh erehw senecs ,settengiv trohs setirw netfo eH .seigetarts lareves stpoda smailliW siht hsilp -mocca oT .sresu gniknihtnu rieht rof elbatrofmoc dlrow eht ekam taht  s ehcilc elpmis eht fo noitaiduper a si tI .

{)405( .gnirif rof deidaer gnieb sesaltA dna snatiT ± laernu ylbakramer ti dnif yeht emit emas eht ta tub gnineppah yllautcaf lla s'ti dna edam reve eivom enirambus yreve morf eugolaid s'ti ,evid evid evid ekil ,aes ot gnittup sbus siraloS dna camrat eht revo gnilbmur srebmob CAS htiw ereht tuo no gniog s'taht gniht labolg latot eht ot noitisnart eht ekam meht pleh ot ynneL dedeen lla yeht dnA :lautca eht fo ytilanoitcif elbahcaorppanu dna egnarts eht ot ecneidua sih sesopxe ecurB ,elpmaxe roF .)six :7991 etnaS( 'ecnatsid ot ycaidemmi morf evrews dipar a` setalucitra eh ,yaw siht nI .erutuf lautriv a ot evom neht dna ecneidua sih fo seirrow etaidemmi eht etalucitra ot mih selbane suineg yrotasiv -orpmi s'ecurB taht ni ,'dleif fo htped` yraretil fo tros a evah yeht taht setacidni osla eh ,revewoH .|snoisnetxE sti dna emaG ehT :tnevE ehT .sevitcepsrep fo yticilpitlum a yb tneve na sa detutitsnoc si emag eht rehtar tub ,emag eht no sevitcepsrep evitaler evah ton od levon eht ni sretcarahc ehT .)63( 'klat si od ot sah eh llA .sbrev dna snuon otni drawtuo nepo ot smees dleif ehT .ekim eht revo dehcnuh si eH` :segdoH ssuR rotatnemmoc eht elpmaxe rof ekaT .ytiralc fo enoz llams a sesserpxe evitcepsrep hcae dna ,sevitcepsrep fo seires a morf detcurtsnoc si hcihw tneve na flesti si dlrowrednU ni emag llabesab ehT .rennam erucsbo dna desufnoc a ni desserpxe si hcihw dlrow eht fo ytilatot eht ot noitaler ni ylraelc sesserpxe laudividni eht taht dlrow eht fo noiger eht sa denifed ,erofereht ,si weiv fo skraM nhoJ 88 )881 :4991 irattauG dna ezueleD( .|six .)amihsoriH s'sianseR dna saruD ,onereC otineB ro bahA s'ellivleM ,artsuhtaraZ s'ehcszteiN ,zneL s'renhcuB( krow s'ezueleD ni 'srosrucerp erbmos` eseht fo selpmaxe erom sseltnuoc period ereht dnA .suriv a fo smret ni seimene lanretni sti senifed taht etats nredom eht fo this contact form 'rewop-oib` eht yb dehsaelnu aionarap eht fo smitciv sa eiknuj eht dna ,lauxesomoh eht ,neila eht fo noitailif terces eht desongaid shguorruB .mrof-etats eht fo noitutitsni eht dna wal fo egalbmessa lacilobaid eht hcraeser ot rennam a 'K` fo eganosrep lanoitcif eht hguorht derevocsid akfaK .noitautis lainoloc sti ni yrotsih naeporuE fo doG eht gniydorap dna yrarbil naeporuE eht gninrutrevo fo erudecorp cimoc a hguorht tsap eht htiw pihsnoitaler gnisinoloc a gnipacse fo snaem elbissop a derevocsid ,elpmaxe rof ,segroB .noziroh eht no sraeppa taht efiL fo egalbmessa wen eht yb decnuonna erutuf eht sdrawot seog trebmaL ggerG 651 ,'elahw etihw` s'ellivleM ,'worraps-degnah` s'cziworbmoG ,'enieledam` s'tsuorP ,elpmaxe rof( tceffe yraretil eht ot cificeps ytilauq yrotanic -ullah niatrec a raeb yeht hguohtlA .)five :7991 ezueleD( 'slavretni sti ni ,egaugnal fo secitsretni eht ni sraeh ro sees retirw eht taht saedI elbatirev tub ,seisatnaf ton era snoisiv esehT` .elbissop sekam enola egaugnal hcihw egaugnal fo edistuo eht rehtar tub ,egaugnal edistuo ton si taht timil a ,egaugnal fo timil eht hguorht skaerb dna mia sti seveihca ssecorp yraretil eht nehw ylno raeppa saedi eseht ,revewoh ,sebircsed rehtruf ezueleD sA .egaugnaL nihtiw egassap sti ni ssecorp yraretil eht ot cificeps era taht gniraeh dna gniees fo smrof eht period eseht ;snoitidua dna snoisiv sllac ezueleD taht ssecorp eht morf egreme saedi ,ssecorp siht fo tluser a sA Â .) emrallaM ,sgnimmuc ,uaeneuQ ,naleC ,namyrreB ,elpmaxe rof( ''stceffe lacitammarg-a`` dna ''noisserpxe lacipyt-a`` sdrawot senilcni taht gniremmats citsiugnil-non a egaugnal nihtiw setaerc erutaretil nredom ,ylgnidroccA .egaugnal nihtiw egaugnal egnarts a revocnu ot sretirw nredom fo ycnednet trevo dna tnecer eht ni laitnetop period hcihw ecnatsiser fo seitilibissop sti ylralucitrap ,)ytitnedi ,noitamrofni ,noitacinummoc ,krow( evitagen eht fo secrof eht ot detanidrobus gnieb noticed ti nehw emit a ni erutaretil fo noitseuq eht fo gnigelivirp nrobbuts s'tluacuoF ot hcum sewo taht sisylana na ni secitcarp yraretil nredom fo tcepsa siht setacol ezueleD .|4 )erbmoS el ( erbmoS eht :thgil fo snemiger tnereffid dnopserroc txet s'azonipS fo tcepsa dna dlrow hcae oT .koob htfiF eht dna ,snoitartsnomed eht dna snoitisoporp eht ,ailohcs eht :scihtE eht fo txet eht fo stneutitsnoc tabmoloC erreiP erdnA Â 03 dna pihsnoitaler riehT .|3 .stpecrep dna stceffa llac retal lliw irattauG dna ezueleD tahw fo sutats eht ot snoitpecrep dna snoissap ,snoitceffa erucsbo eseht desiar tsrif hcihw hcosaM dna edaS fo noitaerc 'lacitirc` eht observed ti ,sdrow rehto nI .)01 :b9891( 'hcosaM dna edaS fo skrow eht ot reporp seulav yraretil eht morf elbarapes ton period msihcosam dna msidas fo seitic -ificeps eht` ,revoerom ,dna 'tra fo riaffa na syawla si ygolotamotpmys` trebmaL ggerG 831 ,ttekceB ,duatrA( erutaretil morf nward era ozihcs eht fo erugif eht fo sevitatneserper yralpmexe eht fo ynam ecnis ,cinerhpozihcs eht fo ytitne lacinilc eht morf dehsiugnitsid ylprahs eb tsum hcihw erugif a ,'ozihcs eht` ,yleman ± seirogetac lacitylana sti fo lasrever lanretni na hguorht delaever eb ylno nac hcihw flesti sisylanaohcysp fo edistuo eht si ti sa )ecneics ro ,yhposolihp ,ygoloporhtna sa hcus egdelwonk fo hcnarb ro esruocsid rehtona ,elpmaxe rof( flesti sisylanaohcysp edistuo ylirassecen ton si edistuo tniop siht ,tnemetats txen eht ni nialpxe irattauG dna ezueleD sA|)61±fifty one :a0991 ezueleD( .etacilpmi ot si evlovni ot ,evlove ot si etacilpxe oT .ecnesse lanrete s'Pet dog ,nrut rieht ni ,evlovni meht ot dnopserroc taht saedi eht their website os ,ti gnisserpxe sa llew sa Pet dog fo tpecnoc eht evlovni sedoM .ti evlovni yeht ereht ,ti etacilpxe yeht ereh :ecnatsbus fo ecnesse eht sserpxe ylno ton setubirttA .]'reuqilpxe`[ ti etacilpxe ot dna ]'reppolevne`[ evlovni ot tub ,denifed si tahw fo erutan 51 sngiS dna ezueleD )two±181 ,sixty five :0991( .ecneidebo ruo sdnuorg ti dna ,tnemdnammoc a seifingis syawla ti ;muiporp a ot sehcatta syawla ngis A .desserpxe dna noisserpxe fo taht ,deifingis dna ngis fo taht :snoitaler suoenegoreteh owt hsiugnitsid ot rO .rehtruf dehsup sniamod owt hsiugnitsid ot troffe eht noticed reven :noisserpxe dna noitaleveR :sdrow nwo s'ezueleD nI .|Eht euqinhcet fo gnivired eht lamitpo noissimsnart rof a nevig lartceps htdiwdnab si a lacissalc deziraluger citardauq noitaziminim fo seitisnetni, tub raenil snoitazimitpo nac eb desu sa llew. Gniziminim eht detargetni ytisnetni no eht erutrepa fo eht epocselet ro rof detceles snoiger fo eht lacof enalp sdael ot ylthgils tnereffid snoissimsnart rof eht retlucco. Rof eht lacof enalp noitazimitpo, eht gnitluser laudiser ytisnetni si detartnecnoc dniheb eht lacirtemoeg egami fo eht retlucco, ni a dnilb noiger rof eht noitavresbo fo na tenalpoxe, dna eht stage fo dnuorgkcab laudiser thgilrats semoceb yrev wol edistuo siht egami. Yllanif, ew edivorp a ecnarelot sisylana rof eht tnemngila fo eht retlucco ot eht epocselet hcihw osla srovaf eht lacof enalp noitazimitpo. Siht snaem taht epocselet stesffo fo a wef sretemiced od ton ylgnorts ecuder eht ycneiciffe fo eht retlucco. XeTbiB : @short article{flamary2014starshade,|citcelaiD dna legeH ,setarcoS .noitatneserper ruo dnoyeb aedI na fo thgieh eht ot sevlesruo dnoyeb su sekat tpecnoc taht woh etartsnomed ot ylno ,esu ew taht tpecnoc a sekat eugolaid citarcoS a fo tnemevom cinori ehT .nwo sti fo ecrof dna tnemevom a sah tpecnoc eht taht snaem sihT .dias sah suhcamysarhT tahw fo gninaem eht gnidlofnu setarcoS yb tub ,setarcoS yb dereffo tnetnoc evitisop yna yb ton ,snoitinifed sih egnahc ot dellepmoc si suhcamysarhT .meht ekat lliw tpecnoc taht erehw wollof ot elba period srotucolretni sih dna setarcoS ,esu rieht dnoyeb seil taht gninaem a evah stpecnoc taht gnitpecca yB .egatnavda rieht wonk ohw esoht sa llew sa rorre ni period ohw esoht ,citarcomed sa llew sa lacinnaryt period ohw esoht naem tsum eh neht 'regnorts` drow eht sesu suhcamysarhT nehW .tra taht fo ecitcarp eht naht rehto dne na si ereht taht ,seralced setarcoS ,naem tsum eh neht 'tra` drow eht sesu suhcam -ysarhT nehW .tpecnoc eht ot tnemtimmoc niatrec a hguorht detceffe si eugolaid eht fo tnemevom sihT .)395( 'mrof fo slasrever` fo seires a hguorht suhcamysarhT gnidael setarcoS htiw seunitnoc eugolaid ehT koorbeloC erialC 801 )ninety three :7791 legeH( .yaw rehto emos ni ti dnats -rednu dna ,noitisoporp eht ot kcab og ot gniwonk ruo slepmoc gninaem ruo fo noitcerroc siht dna ;naem ot tnaem ew naht rehto gnihtemos tnaem ew taht ecneirepxe yb nrael eW .noinipo siht dna edutitta siht syortsed tnetnoc lacihposolihp eht tuB .gniwonk drawot edutitta lausu eht sa llew sa ,sniatbo noitaler etaciderp-tcejbus lausu eht taht eveileb ot eno sdael ,noitisoporp a si ti ecnis ,noitisoporp lacihposolihp ehT :)73 :7791( noitaler dna ecnereffid rieht ni smret owt eht setutitsnoc taht ytitnedi dna ecnereffid fo noitaler eht stceffe 'si` eht rehtar ;smret gnitsixe-erp owt neewteb knil a tsuj ton si 'si` eht noitisoporp )'lacitamehtam` naht rehtar( evitaluceps eht nI .)fifty two :7791 legeH( setubirtta sti dna dnuorg a neewteb noitcnitsid eht stpecca ylerem noitisoporp etaciderp/tcejbus dradnats a fo 'si` eht ,tsartnoc yB .gnidlofnu lautpecnoc fo tca na sa flesti sesingocer tub etaciderp a ot tcejbus a knil ylevissap ton seod 'noitisoporp evitaluceps` a fo 'si` ehT .laer lautpecnoc -erp emos dedlofnu tpecnoc eht hguoht sa ,ecnatsbus gnitsixe ydaerla emos ot setaciderp lanoitinifed hcatta ylerem ton seod ti tpecnoc a senifed yhposolihp nehw ,legeH roF .ytivitca lautpecnoc naht rehto gnihton sa flesti sesingocer ti nehw ytirutam sehcaer yhposolihP .stpecnoc revocsid ro dlrow eht ot stpecnoc ylppa ton seod ti taht esilaer yhposolihp lliw tiripS htiw ylnO .tsew eht fo ygoloelet eht edulcnoc nac tirips etulosbA fo tpecnoc eht ylnO .yrareniti lacirotsih dna reporp a sah tpecnoc eht ,revewoh ,legeH roF .noitpursid dna ecnereffid ,lawener fo rewop gni -taeper-reve eht sserpxe yeht ;lanrete period stpecnoC .ylemit ron ,dednuorg ron ,denimreted rehtien era yeht :stneve era snoitaerc hcus irattauG dna ezueleD rof tuB .stpecnoc fo noitaerc eht si yhposolihP .|)381 :8891 smailliW( Ðseniv sselfael meht rednu sevael nworb ,daed htiw seert llams dna sehsub fo ffuts yggiwt ,gnidnatspu ,dekrof ,hsilprup hsidder eht daor eht gnola llA :sees eh tahw sebircsed dna 'latipsoh suoigatnoc` eht ot gnivird si ,nosretaP rD fo noisrev ylrae na ,rotarran eht erehw llA dna gnirpS fo gninepo eht si smeop ylrae 'smailliW fo suomaf tsom eht fo enO|Gnizisrevo eht lanretni retlucco secudorp a ralimis tceffe tub sdnet ot edulcxe snoitavresbo yrev esolc ot eht bmil. Ew edivorp a hparg taht swolla ylpmis gnitamitse eht ecnamrofrep sa a noitcnuf fo sezis fo eht lanretni retlucco dna Toyl pots. XeTbiB : @short article)six±fifty eight :7991 sucraM( '.nrub llahs nam a dna esir llahs traeh A` ,noitasnepsid )tsal ro( tsrif sih sa smialcorp eh ',nruter ym ekam t'nod I nehw ,kcab emoc I nehW` . . . ruhtrA gniK fo mrof eht demussa ro ecnarF ni elixe ot eneladgaM yraM htiw depacse eh erehw sdnegel klof ni sa ,reveilebnu dna tnacilp -pus sa htob denruter tsirhC :noitatumsnart fo noisiv a s'tI .elbarap sa sispille ,tsirhC fo lepsog geltoob emos ekil period sdrow eht :emit fo tuo ]gnos eht[ tfil nagro hcruhc-reitnorf eht dna . . . onaip xob-cisum ehT .ecnis reve thguos sah eh amgine dna erutpar fo eciov a ni gnus ,dnuof sah eh rehto on ekil ydolem gnitaolf a sah ti teY .)'. . . E ,D ton ,on ,hu ,tiaw . . . D`( meht gnilbmuf neht dna dnaB eht ot segnahc drohc eht tuo gnillac nalyD ,gnitrats dna gnippots ,lasraeher dehsinifnu ,deggar a naht erom on s'tI :cisum ralupop naciremA fo noitidart eht htiw stnemirepxe tnemesab emos detcudnoc snaicisum eseht sa ,7691 ni kcab dnaB eht dna nalyD boB yb dedrocer sgnos eht fo eno no ,notpmaH attract -oH ,citirc rehtona morf setouq sucraM ,sepaT tnemesaB s'nalyD boB hguaB ecurB 04 a woh enimreted ew sselnu erehwon teg lliw ew ,revewoh ,sucof ruo reve -tahW ?seitivitca debircserp yllaicos otni dellennahc ylsuoiverp seigrene kcolbnu dluow taht syaw ,flesruoy etutitsnocer dna enifeder ot syaw rof gnikool uoy period ?egatireh larutluc a htiw snoitcennoc egrof dna secrof lacirotsih htiw tcennoc ot gniyrt uoy erA ?elggurts lacitilop a ecnavda ot syaw rof gnihcraes uoy period .sevil ruo ni tub ,gnidaer ruo ni tsuj ton ,od ot tnaw ew tahw fo noitcnuf a eb lliw tahT .su ot rettam hcihw stceffe esoht no sucof dna ,evitceles eb ot su secrof siht dna ,stceffe fo rebmun tsav a ecudorp nac ,esle gnihtyna ekil ,txet a taht tnetxe eht ot erutaretil fo sisylana latnemirepxe eht ediug deedni od snrecnoc citamgarP .)seventy four ;7891 tenraP dna ezueleD ;04 :8891 ezueleD ;8 :6891 ehcszteiN ees( 'yllatnemirepxe gnivil` osla syawla si stxet htiw gnitnemirepxe ;srehto fo esu gnikam yb eseht fo emos tsiser ot redro ni ,yteicos ni dna stxet ni krow ta secrof eht fo gnidnatsrednu lacitirc a gniveihca ni stxet fo esu ekam ot woh enimreted dna tnemirepxe ot uoy ot pu s'ti taht si tniop ehT .ygolonhcet retupmoc ot 'ni gniggulp` fo stceffe eht fo noitaulave lacitirc a elbane yam taht yrevocsid a s'ti ,si tahT .'noitasil -abolg` rednu noitpmusnoc/noitcudorp tsilatipac ot laitnesse segnahcxe 'lanoitamrofni` eht fo snoitcnuf otni 'ytivitcejbus` ruoy gninrut ,kniht dna eviecrep ,od uoy tahw gniyfidom nrut ni dna ,noitacinummoc dna noit -pecrep fo seitlucaf ruoy fo snoisnetxe gnieb )tenretnI eht dna( retupmoc eht ,liam-e dnes ro beW ediW dlroW eht ot pu kooh ot retupmoc a esu uoy nehw emoceb uoy gnieb cinagroni-cinagro eht fo sisehtnys eht tuoba kniht ot uoy pleh thgim enihcam-lamina-gnimoceb lautxet a fo yrevocsid A .

{)522 :3691( .egreme lliw erutuf eht fo gninrael eht hcihw fo tuo top gnihtees eht dnuof sah eh litnu no og tsum eH .seitilaer sti ecalp tsrif eht ni period noitan a fo shturt eht taht esilaer tsum tra fo krow citnehtua eht etaerc ot sehsiw ohw lautcelletni evitan eht trebmaL ggerG 051 dna ezueleD( 'noitaicnune fo snoitidnoc evitcelloc eht sedecerp ohw rolehcab a yb ''pu nekat`` si ti nehw yraretil si tnemetats a :noitinifed a neve si siht` ,revoeroM .)48 :6891 irattauG dna ezueleD( 'noitaic -nune evitcelloc eht fo esac ralucitrap a si noitaicnune laudividni tsom eht` taht ,)flooW ro ellivleM sa hcus( llew sa sretirw rehto fo noitautis eht ebircsed nac hcihw tub ,tnemaciderp s'akfaK ot cificeps noticed hcihw noitautis siht gninrecnoc setirw ezueleD .)941 :8491 akfaK( 'elpoep a fo naht yrotsih yraretil fo nrecnoc a ssel` ,si taht ,llew sa evitcelloc yletaidemmi si 'etavirp` dellac-os eht ,erofereht ,dna ,evitcelloc eht fo taht ot lautriv si retirw eht fo noitisop eht taht esnes siht ni si tI .noitcnitxe fo taerht eht sraeb tnelis gniniamer fo evitanretla eht erehw dna ,'fleseno gniyfislaf` fo ro ,layarteb-fles fo gnileef eht ti htiw sgnirb gnikaeps fo tca yrev eht erehw ,nwo s'eno eb reven yam dna ton si taht egaugnal a ,egaug -nal egnarts a gnitibahni fo ecneirepxe ynnacnu eht ekove ot deifilauq eb tsum 'edutilos` fo tpecnoc eht yhw dna ,ezueleD rof riaffa etavirp a yaw on ni si sretirw niatrec fo edutilos eht yhw si sihT .gnissim era ohw elpoep eht fo noitautis eht ot yldnuoforp tsom detaler si retirw eht fo edutilos eht ,ezueleD ot gnidrocca ,akfaK fo esac eht ot gninruteR .evoL fo laog tsehgih eht sa ,senitreblA elbissop eht lla 'gniwonk` fo ,eno hcae gnirutpac fo nalp suoiriled dna elbissopmi eht :erised fo egami eht dnim sih otni snrub hcihw edutilos fo ecneirepxe eht si sihT .naeco etinifni na fo sevaw ekil rehtona eno nopu gnikaerb hcae ,senitreblA rehto dnasuoht a ,enitreblA rehtona seil syawla ereht ,enitreblA fo ecaf eht dniheb ,)egatsoh reh gnidloh fo tniop eht ot neve( mih raen reh sward eh woh rettam on ro ,enitreblA ot semoc eh esolc woh rettam on taht tcaf eht yb detnuah si lecraM ,tsuorP fo slevon eht ni ,suhT .)seventeen :6891( 'erised fo senihcam eht lla ot detcennoc eb ot dna enola eb ot htob serised erised tsehgih eht` ,etirw irattauG dna ezueleD sA .enitreblA htiw lecraM ro ,anigeR htiw draagekreiK fo elpmaxe eht ni sa evol fo esruocsid eht ni desserpxe si ,edutilos lanoitpecxe na fo noitidnoc eht tuoba sgnirb hcihw ,gnignol ro erised siht netfO .|ervueo tnos seétucsid, ne reilucitrap sel stcepsa sfitaler a al noitcelés ed sruetpac te l'egassitnerppa itlum-|)eighty one±71 :6891( .nrecnoc s'elpoep eht si erutaretil :ueilim eht ni erehwesle gnikcal si taht noitaicnune evitcelloc fo snoitidnoc eht llif ot denimreted si enola enihcam yraretil eht esuaceb tub snosaer lacigoloedi rof lla ta ton ,emoc -ot-enihcam yranoitulover a rof yaler eht semoceb suht enihcam yraretil ehT ,etirw irattauG dna ezueleD sa ,tuB .)ecaps nepo sti( aroga sti fo erutan )suolubaf ro( 'yranigami` eht yb detnuah syawla si ecnetsixe esohw 'cilbup ronim` a ,noitaicnune evitcelloc a fo noiger laitnesse-non dna ywodahs eht semussa erutaretil fo ydob a ± sdrow ynam os ni ,'ytilaer sredro` hcihw ± ecnerefer dna thgiew noitaicnune sevig hcihw ,'erehps cilbup` eht fo noitamrof nairatirojam tcnitsid a fo ecnesba eht nI .|)six±545( .fo nuf edam ynneL sgniht ± seissup tsihdduB htiw scainamohpmyn das dna setiykstorT terces ,eiriarp zzaj eht no spots kcurt tpewsniar dnasuoht a ni eeffoc fo spuc revo dehcnuh tas elpoep erehw ,derevooH ragdE .J dna denizagam-emiT ,snoitaroproc tobor dna skcatsekoms fo ecalp ytliug eht ,aciremA fo rolauqs larom eht ot ecnerefer tseidnah rieht noticed bmob ehT .|Ni siht repap, ew esoporp a deziraluger desivrepusnu lamitpo noitatropsnart ledom ot mrofrep eht tnemngila fo eht snoitatneserper ni eht ecruos dna tegrat sniamod. Ew nrael a noitatropsnart nalp gnihctam htob sFDP, hcihw sniartsnoc dellebal selpmas ni eht ecruos niamod ot niamer esolc gnirud tropsnart. Siht yaw, ew tiolpxe ta eht emas emit eht wef delebal noitamrofni ni eht ecruos dna snoitubirtsid fo eht input/observation selbairav devresbo ni htob sniamod. Stnemirepxe ni yot dna gnignellahc laer lausiv noitatpada selpmaxe wohs eht tseretni fo eht dohtem, taht yltnetsisnoc smrofreptuo etats fo eht tra sehcaorppa. XeTbiB : @short article{courty2016optimal,|Dnoces, eht stceffe fo gnizis eht lanretni retlucco dna eht Toyl pots period dezylana. Siht krow osla seilppa ot eht lacissalc Toyl hparganoroc enola dna eht lanretxe ralos hparganoroc.|)noitalsnart ym ;33 :4891 wonibaR/sufyerD yb detouq( .noitcurtsed nwo sih ot ecnerefer ni ylno ]. . .[ seye nwo yrev sih ot ecneics fo tcejbo na sa flesmih etutitsnoc dluoc nam nretseW .htaed fo tnemom siht hguorht ssap ot dah laudividni eht no dleh ti esruocsid cifitneics tsrif eht taht erutluc ruo rof evisiced eb ylniatrec lliw tI :smret gniwollof eht ni cinilc eht fo htrib eht desiretcarahc tluacuoF ,deednI .|Ot siht dne, ew redisnoc a tsaf dna raenil reifissalc, ssalcitlum citsigol noitacifissalc, dna wohs taht htiw a doog noitatneserper (eht sretlif derevocsid), hcus a elpmis reifissalc nac hcaer ta tsael etats fo eht tra secnamrofrep. Ew ylppa eht desoporp evitca tes renrael ni ruof lartcepsrepyh egami noitacifissalc smelborp, gnidulcni larutlucirga dna nabru noitacifissalc ta tnereffid snoituloser, sa llew sa ladomitlum atad. Ew osla esoporp a lacihcrareih gnittes, hcihw swolla ot etareneg erom xelpmoc sknab fo serutaef taht nac retteb ebircsed eht seitiraenilnon tneserp ni eht atad. XeTbiB : @write-upNi siht esac, ksatitlum gninrael spleh ni gnigarevel atad yticracs eussi gnidleiy ot erom tsubor sreifissalc. Rof siht esoprup, ew evah decudortni a reziraluger taht secudni htob rosnes noitceles dna reifissalc seitiralimis. Eht tnereffid noitaziraluger sehcaorppa era derapmoc no eerht PRE stesatad gniwohs eht tseretni fo dexim-mron noitaziraluger ni smret fo rosnes noitceles. Eht ksatitlum sehcaorppa era detaulave nehw a llams rebmun fo gninrael selpmaxe era elbaliava gnidleiy ot tnacifingis ecnamrofrep stnemevorpmi yllaicepse rof stcejbus gnimrofrep ylroop. XeTbiB : @posting)441 :7991( .tpecnoc a gnimrof fo elbapac emoceb dna rewop siht fo noissessop ni emoc ew taht ,esac hcae htiw seirav yldetbuodnu taht tniop a ot ,desaercni yltneiciffus sah rewop ruo nehw ylno si ti dnA .rewop ruo esaercni taht ,si taht ,yoj su evig dna nwo ruo htiw eerga taht seidob esoht fo aedi eht tceles nac ew ,seidob fo retnuocne modnar a morF .)scihtE eht fo V koob( ytilativ yrassecen eht su evig tsum stceffa niatrec taht dna ,su rof draobgnirps a sa evres tsum sngis niatrec tsael ta taht raelc si ti ,sesuac ot stceffe morf esir ew woh ro ,tpecnoc a mrof ot eganam ew woh sksa eno nehw tuB .evitcepsrep tsizonipS raelc a spoleved noissergorp siht yaw tahw ni denialpxe ezueleD ,koob tsal sih fo retpahc tsal yrev eht nI Á .)sineD tS a sennecniV Â ed etisrevinU ,5891 rebotcO 22 ,yadseuT( 'kaeps mih tel tsum uoY .noitcejbo fo seciov eht uoy ni ecnelis tsum uoY .niaga dna niaga snoiton rehtag ,etanimur tsum uoY .hguorht yaw ruoy eporG .gniyduts period uoy rohtua eht tsurt tsum uoY` :tluacuoF fo ranimes sih fo yad tsrif yrev eht no stneduts sih ot denialpxe osla eh sa ,rO .

)2±eighteen :3891( .desiar eb regnol on nac supideO fo melborp eht erehw ± 'wal lla dnoyeb` deedni ± suoicsnocnu nahpro eht fo snoiger esoht hcaer ot sesoporp sisylanaozihcS .smelborp laer eht ]edistuo tsomla tniop a morf[ hcaer ot redro ni suoicsnocnu eht esilapideo-ed ot si mia stI .seod sisylana -ohcysp lapideO naht retteb ti evloser ot dnetni ton seod ti ,supideO evloser ot sisylanaozihcs fo esoprup eht ton si tI .noitulos eht dna melborp eht htob htiw yawa od ew litnu devloser ton si ]supideO fo[ melborp eh]T[ :'sisylanaozihcs` llac irattauG dna ezueleD tahw fo sksat yramirp eht fo eno sa sisylanaohcysp yb detarepo pihsnoitaler suoiverp eht fo noitcurtsed eht sliatne ylirassecen hcihw dna ,lacinilc dna lacitirc fo pihsnoitaler eht fo noitarugifnocer eht ot deilppa si ti erehw ,supideO-itnA morf egassap gniwollof eht ni noitalucitra lufecrof tsom sti seviecer esruoc fo ygetarts evoba ehT .)no os dna 'noitasilairotirreted` ,'thgilf fo enil eht` ,'ecaps htooms` ,'damon eht` ,'enihcam Uncooked eht` ,elpmaxe rof( uaetalp ro egalbmessa nwo rieht nihtiw gnigreme eb ot derevocsid ro detresni hcae stniop elpitlum semoceb flesti dna syaw tnereffid lareves ni desserpxe si )srohed el ( 'edistuo eht` fo tniop siht erehw irattauG htiw sgnitirw eht ot ,yllanif dna ;)39±07 :b8891( 'deifitartS-noN eht dna seigetartS` fo retpahc eht ni ygetarts siht setalumrof neve ezueleD erehw ,)b8891( tluacuoF ot ;noitidart lacihposolihp nretsew eht edistuo detacol eb tsum hcihw ± 'wen` eht ro ,elbairav eht fo noititeper eht sa ,si taht ± 'ecnereffid` si tniop siht erehw ,)4991( noititepeR dna ecnereffiD morf ,sgnitirw s'ezueleD tuohguorht dnif nac eno ygetarts a ot dnopserroc skramer eseht htoB .)fifty two .n ,771 :7991( 'rehtona eno retnuocne nac stneitap dna srotcod dna srehposolihp dna stsitra erehw ,eerged-orez tsomla ,tniop lartuen a ta` :detautis eb osla tsum 'ygolotamotpmys fo melborp eht` erehw ecalp eht sa edistuo tniop siht debircsed ezueleD ,levon s'hcosaM ot ecaferp eht etorw eh emit emas eht tuoba ecalp koot taht weivretni na nI .

airetirC ruoF ehT ?sevlesmeht sretirw yb detnevni noisserpxe citsongaid ro lacinilc eht ot tnenammi noisserpxe fo mrof lacitirc a revocsid ew od woh ,noitautis siht ot esnopser ni ksa tsum ew ,eroferehT .'edistuo tniop a morf fi sa` niaga revo lla nigeb ot yrassecen gained si ti dna ,regnol yna esu fo eb ot secidujerp fo lluf oot eb osla yam erutaretil fo noit -atneserper lacitirc eht ,'noitaterpretni` fo emiger sti dna sisylanaohcysp ekil ,spahrep ,evoba hcosaM dna edaS fo esac eht ni sA .hturt fo esruocsid ro noitacifitcer lacigoloedi s'citirc eht ot ti sesopsiderp noitatneserper yrev sti taht sselpleh os sraeppa netfo ,yletal ,dna ,nwo sti fo rewop yrotaicnune yna fo deppirts netfo si yadot erutaretil ,tcejbus lacinilc eht ekiL .egdelwonk dna noitacifissalc fo metsys rehtona fo 'tcejbo` eht reh ro mih sekam taht noitaterpretni fo mrof lacinilc dna citylana na ot tcejbus semoceb ohw noitaterpretni citylanaohcysp nihtiw cinerhpozihcs 141 efiL rof erutaretiL fo sesubA dna sesU eht nO eht fo ,elbissopmi eb dluow sdohtem suoicsnoc dna tcerid yb hcihw ,noitalever eht si ti :noisiv fo tub euqinhcet fo noitseuq a ton si ,retniap eht rof ruoloc naht ssel on ,retirw eht rof elyts ± elpoep rehto fo sevil eht fo ssenerawa eht osla snaem ,efil nwo ruo fo ssenerawa snaem ti fi ,tr]A[ :seugra tsuorP sA .

gniltnamsiD evitcA :skrow ti woh gnidniF .txet eht fo 'gniltnamsid evitca` na mret irattauG dna ezueleD tahw hguorht denimreted era eseht :txet eht fo stnemele mrof ot rehtegot emoc yeht woh ,txet eht edistuo dna edisni htob noitcnuf yeht woh ,period secrof eseht tahW .redaer eht ni dna txet eht ni krow ta secrof larutluc dna citsiugnil ,laicos eht ot dnetxe tub ,flesti txet eht ot detcirtser snaem on yb period sesuac esohT .stceffe esoht fo sesuac eht fo tnuocca na evig ro ,stceffe sti secudorp krow hguaB ecurB 24 period taht syaw ni snoitutitsni dna snosrep hguorht erised fo noisuffid eht ,secrof lanosrep dna laicos fo noitartenepretni siht ylesicerp gnitagitsevni ,yrotarobal latnemirepxe elbatirev a si raeL gniK .)46 :6891 irattauG dna ezueleD( 'dleif laicos eritne eht htiw segagne ,tnemtsevni laicos lacitilop ylluf a tuoba sgnirb serised fo citore tsom eht . . . ylesrevni dna ,citore sevlesmeht era stnemtsevni laicos` ,lareneg ni ;raeL gniK ni sutarappa evitartsinimda laduef eht rof oot os ,)7±65 :6891 irattauG dna ezueleD( 'srewop fo rebmun niatrec a fo esicrexe eht` ,erised si ycarcuaerub yteicos nredom ni sa tsuJ .)ninety two :3891 irattauG dna ezueleD( dleif laicos eht ni erised fo tnemtsevni eht hguorht yteicos fo noitcudorp eht ,'noit -cudorp laicos` fo srotcaf era secrof laicos eseht llA .)tnerap ot ,esuops ot ,gnik ot( ytlayol lanosrep fo sedoc sti htiw rehtegot ,msiladuef rednu erutinegomirp dna egairram ,pihsgnik ,ytreporp fo snoitutitsni eht :secrof laicos ot detcennoc si ecrof siht ,revoeroM .tniop a naht rehtar 'neewteb` a ,meht fo yna ot denifnoc gnieb tuohtiw sretcarahc eht gnitcennoc ecrof a si ti ;rehtie srehto eht ot gnoleb t'nseod ti hguoht neve ,mih sa hcum sa srehto esoht sevlovni dna ,srehto htiw snoitaler sih edistuo gnihton si ti ecnis ,laudividni yratilos eht raeL fo 'ytreporp` a ton suht si erised s'raeL .ti ot sesnopser 'srethguad sih dna erised s'raeL yb detutits -noc gnieb noitibma dna ecneivresbus eht htob ,noitibma rieht hguorht ti gnisopmoced ,ssensuoiuqesbo s'lirenoG dna nageR ni edirp dna ytirohtua s'raeL gnisopmoc ,elpmaxe rof ,snoitaler tnereffid otni retne dna snoitarugifnoc tnereffid no ekat dna ,)retsecuolG ,dnumdE ,ailedroC ,lirenoG ,nageR( srehto hguorht ssap secrof emas eseht teY .noitcurtsed sih tuoba gnirb osla mih esopmoc taht secrof eht os dna ,desingocer gnieb erised sih fo raef a yb sa llew sa ,ytirohtua sih fo noitingocer rof dna evol rof erised a yb detutitsnoc si retcarahc s'raeL taht ecalpnommoc a s'tI .

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